Durham Durham Cathedral MS A.II.9

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Current locationDurham Cathedral
Current ShelfmarkDurham Cathedral MS A.II.9
Summary TitlePeter Lombard, Commentary on the Psalms
Creation Date Start1150
Creation Date End1200
Creation Date Statementlater 12th century
Collation Formulasingleton, now glued at the gutter to f.2, I-II8, III10, IV12, V-VI8, VII4, VIII-XVI8, XVII2 (= ?8 lacks leaves 2-7), XVIII-XLVIII8, former pastedown now raised, a singleton glued at the gutter to f.380
Pages / Foliosi+382+i f
Page: Lines42-45
Volume: Height37.5 cm
Width27.4 cm
BindingStandard Tuckett binding, mid 19th century full brown calf over thick wooden boards, preserving 16/17th century blind stamped leather covers (Charles Tuckett, binder to the British Museum, rebound many Durham Manuscripts in the 19th century). Stains on 381v from turn-ins and from the fixtures for a pair of clasps.
Secundo folioceteris dignior
IIIF manifest:https://n2t.durham.ac.uk/ark:/32150/t2mb2773v801
Digitised online:https://n2t.durham.ac.uk/ark:/32150/t2mb2773v801.html
Media FormatManuscript
Durham Cathedral MS A.2.09

Creation PlaceEngland or France

Creator role:scribe

Script:Textualis quadrata for the lemmata, Textualis quadrata/semi-quadrata for the commentary Script notes:Probably one scribe throughout, working more neatly on the first fifty or so pages than thereafter.


Historiated or decorated initials, 12+ lines high, for the principal divisions. Initials to Psalms 1 (f.3*v), 80 (f.207r), 97 (f.243v) and 109 (f.280r) have all been excised. The initials for the other psalms are 5+ lines high, alternately red then blue, with tight “fern” flourishing in the other colour plus green, and yellow. Verses are headed by 2+-line high initials, red then blue, flourished in the other colour (a green example on f.249r). Tails occasionally extended into the margins with additional flourishing (e.g. f.95r, f.238r, f.248v, f.249r, f.266v, f.292v). Commentaries begin with a 1-line-high initial, red if the verse initial is blue, then vice versa (green examples on f.249r, f.250r).

DecorationType:Initial, illuminated Initial letter:C
Text following:Cum omnes prophetas spiritu sancti
Decoration location:f.2r Start of preface

Decoration notes:Channel style with two large blossoms, four birds, a rabbit and a dog/lion, set against a red-brown ground

View in context online:https://iiif.durham.ac.uk/index.html?manifest=t2mb2773v801&canvas=t2twp988n03h


DecorationType:Initial, inhabited Initial letter:B
Text following:Beatus cui omnia succedunt optata
Decoration location:f.3*v, below the now excised main initial

Decoration notes:Small golden b with blue profile face at its upper terminal, a little lion within its bowl, all set against a red-brown ground.

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DecorationType:Initial, historiated Initial letter:D
Text following:Dominus illuminatio mea
Decoration location:f.63r Start of Psalm 26

Decoration notes:Samuel anointing David. A standing man with blue-grey hair and beard pouring oil onto the head of a young man with a shepherd’s crook kneeling in front of him; to the right an attendant holding a crown; all set against a ground of gold leaf.

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DecorationType:Initial, inhabited Initial letter:D
Text following:Dixi custodiam vias meas
Decoration location:f.99r Start of Psalm 38

Decoration notes:Decorated initial in channel style with four little lions; gold leaf ground, blue surround

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DecorationType:Initial, historiated Decoration location:f.130v Start of Psalm 51

Decoration notes:Doeg slaying priests. King seated to left; two men with swords attacking five kneeling figures; gold background within blue letter, pink background without; a long dragon descends the page from the letter

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DecorationType:Initial, illuminated Initial letter:S
Text following:Salvum me fac
Decoration location:f.163v Start of Psalm 68

Decoration notes:Decorated initial, including two-headed dragon, both of its mouths containing a blue humanoid head in profile; gold ground within a red-brown panel.

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DecorationType:Initial, inhabited Initial letter:D
Text following:Dominus exaudi
Decoration location:f.248v Start of Psalm 101

Decoration notes:Decorated initial with a dragon for the letter stem; gold ground; blue setting

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Addition category: correction Content: Notes: Contemporary corrections, often made in rasura, guided by notes in lead and/or ink in the margins.

Addition category: nota Content: Notes: Numerous later 12th century Nota marks, a few with accompanying notes (e.g. f.147v, 148r, 223v, 298r – citing Gregory, Moralia)

Addition category: nota Content: Notes: A head sketched in the bottom left margin with a nearby similar maniple
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Associated person:Thomas Swalwell, -1539Role:(named in inscription (medieval))

Evidence category: inscription Content: T Swalwell Notes: f.2r centre top
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Evidence category: exlibris Content: H Psalterium glossata de communi libraria Monachorum Dunelm. Notes: f.2r, top. H is crossed through.
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Evidence category: pressmark Content: H Notes: f.2r top right, crossed through
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Evidence category: pressmark Content: Pi E Notes: f.2r, centre near top
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Evidence category: inscription Content: Liber sancti Cuthberti de Dunelm' ex dono dompni Iohannis de Insula militis quem qui alienauerit anathema sit amen. Notes: It is possible that this end flyleaf does not belong with this volume, as it was not noticed by Rud in his catalogue. This means that it could have been bound in by Tuckett and have originally come from another book. There is a further erased inscription on this page.
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Evidence category: catalogue Content: H. Psalterium glo. iio. fo. ceteris dignior Notes: Cloister Catalogue 1395 (DCL MS B.IV.46, f.19v) in Diversi libri Bibliae glosati section. It has the marginal addition “In libraria”
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Contained work:Peter Lombard, Commentarium in Psalmos
View online:https://iiif.durham.ac.uk/index.html?manifest=t2mb2773v801&canvas=t2twp988n03h
Notes:Lacks the lemmata and commentary for Psalms 52.1-55.1 owing to the loss of leaves between f.131 and 132. The scriptural text is written to a large gauge on every other line; Peter Lombard’s commentary is written half the size on every line, starting immediately after the citation. Authorities are named in display capitals in the upper margins (in various combinations of red and blue), each name (generally “avg′”, “amb′”, “cas'”, “ier′” but written in full on f.116r, 117r, 118r) being associated with sigla of dots and occasionally dashes (the sigla change on f.296r with the arrival of Ambrose: Augustine is initially a triangle of three dots but from f.296r just two dots; Cassiodorus is initially two dots, one beside the other, then a dot on a dash; Ambrose is a triangle of three dots; Jerome, two dots one above the other) which then reappears in the relevant part of the commentary below. “Re” or “Rem” and “Hil”, though written in red or blue to the same scale, are placed in the side margin (e.g. f.79v, 128r, 192r, 299r). Lemmata within the commentary are underlined in red.

Contained work:On Psalm 151
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Contained work:Ticonius Afer, Epitome septem regularum
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Catalogued:Rud 1825

Notes:p.15 Online:http://reed.dur.ac.uk/xtf/view?docId=bookreader/RudDCLmss/rudmsMETSfile.xml#page/20/mode/2up

Catalogued:Mynors 1939 Reference citation:130


Catalogued:Kauffman 1978 Reference citation:100

Rud 1825 :- Codicum manuscriptorum ecclesiae cathedralis Dunelmensis catalogus classicus, descriptus a Thoma Rud ... cum appendice eos codices continente qui post catalogum confectum diversis temporibus comparati sunt, ed. Thomas Rud (Durham, 1825)

Mynors 1939 :- Mynors, R. A. B., Durham Cathedral manuscripts to the end of the twelfth century (Oxford: OUP, 1939)

Kauffman 1978 :- Kauffman, C. M., Romanesque manuscripts, 1066-1190 (London: Harvey Miller, 1978)